Electric vehicles ‘cover’ the auto industry in 2020
With the trend of electrification globally, Tesla segmented the value of green car systems, and in some countries, the best-selling electric vehicles.
One of the biggest photo trends this year, is that manufacturers announce their plans for future electric vehicles and target numbers. “There will be more and more models of cars using engines” is one of the most mentioned phrases.
General Motors (GM) accelerated its plans, emphasizing its goal of having 30 electric vehicle models on the market by 2025. Hyundai said it would deliver 23 models by the same time. Bentley announced that it will only sell electric cars from 2030. There will be more Porsche-branded electric cars running on the road. Jeep says all its models will get an optional electronic version from 2022.
In 2017, Mercedes said that there will be more than 10 electric car models by 2022, and outsiders are waiting for the German automaker to implement the plan. In 2018, Ford announced that it will launch 40 models with electric motors – both hybrid and fully electric – also by 2022. Of these, the Mustang Mach-E is about to go on sale and the hybrid version of the F -150 2021 will reach customers in 2021.
Right in December, Apple, the technology giant showed that it was entering the auto industry with a project to produce self-driving cars called Project Titan. Apple aims to produce battery-powered self-driving cars with its proprietary technology by 2024.
Tesla even supplies batteries for passenger ships. In addition, besides starting production of the Model Y SUV, the company had the fifth consecutive quarter of profit. The most notable was the second quarter, while many other carriers all suffered losses.
Global sales of electric cars reached 2.1 million vehicles in 2019 and by the end of 2019, the number of electric cars worldwide was about 7.2 million.
China remains the world’s largest electric vehicle market. As of 2019, the country had 2.58 battery electric vehicles (BEVs), compared with 0.97 million in Europe and 0.88 million in the US, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA). China is also the world’s largest producer of lithium, controlling 51% of global lithium production as of 2020.
However, when it comes to specific rates, Europe is at the forefront. While only 5.2% of cars in China are electric, in Norway it is 56% in 2019. Iceland and the Netherlands are in the next two places, with 25.5% and respectively. 15%.
As of the end of 2019, there were about 7.3 million charging stations in the world, 2.1 million more than in 2018. Of which, 6.5 million were individual and slow charging sockets. That said, charging cars at home and work with Type 1 and Type 2 (slower charging) charging continues to be the most popular way for electric vehicle users.
In Europe, 76% of charging points are concentrated in just four countries: the Netherlands, Germany, France, and the UK.
Meanwhile, fast-charging stations are slowly increasing. In 2019, about 598,000 fast charging points in the world, and 82% of them are in China. In Europe and the US, the majority of public charging points installed in 2019 were slow charging. However, the situation seems to be changing, with many projects focusing on super-fast charging systems being announced in Europe.
Upgraded battery design and technology is another act in the trend. Important factors such as manufacturing materials, density, or battery size are the aim of the studies.
During the year, a new battery model 4680 was introduced by Tesla. The new battery can increase the energy density in the battery by 5 times, which is 6 times more powerful than a conventional battery. Battery life can be extended 16% of the time while manufacturing costs are reduced by 14%.
While waiting for the 4680 battery to be completed, Tesla continues to work with Panasonic, LG, and CATL to improve the efficiency of current battery lines. This includes changing the battery cover, battery case, internal tabs and possibly switching to roll packaging. These changes will result in a 50% increase in energy density compared to traditional ones.
On November 24, Elon Musk, the head of Tesla, announced plans to build a battery factory with a capacity of up to 250 GWh for electric vehicles in Germany.
In early December, start-up company Aptera, USA, developed an electric car that can travel up to 1,600 km without needing to visit a charging station. The vehicle is equipped with a 100 kWh battery, the roof is fitted with a series of solar cells, enough to provide energy for this vehicle to run 72 km per day.
It is expected that by 2030, the number of electric cars globally will reach nearly 140 million vehicles and account for about 7% of the total number of vehicles.
Theo VnExpress, Car and Driver, Virta